REAL INVISIBILITY CLOAK CONCEPT

By April 19, 2017June 1st, 2017NEWS

We already see movies and cartoon  like harry potter and Doraemon, which is talking about INVISIBILITY CLOAK , Lots of scientist find the solution to creating invisibility cloak, Some student │ scientist find some concept of creating invisibility cloak.

There’ve been many high tech approaches to cloaking and the basic idea behind these is to take light and have it pass around something as if it isn’t there, often using high-tech or exotic materials,” said John Howell, a professor of physics at the University of Rochester. Forgoing the specialized components, Howell and graduate student Joseph Choi developed a combination of four standard lenses that keeps the object hidden as the viewer moves up to several degrees away from the optimal viewing position

This is the first device that we know of that can do three-dimensional, continuously multidirectional cloaking, which works for transmitting rays in the visible spectrum,” said Choi, a PhD student at Rochester’s Institute of Optics.

Many cloaking designs work fine when you look at an object straight on, but if you move your viewpoint even a little, the object becomes visible, explains Howell. Choi added that previous cloaking devices can also cause the background to shift drastically, making it obvious that the cloaking device is present.

In order to both cloak an object and leave the background undisturbed, the researchers determined the lens type and power needed, as well as the precise distance to separate the four lenses. To test their device, they placed the cloaked object in front of a grid background. As they looked through the lenses and changed their viewing angle by moving from side to side, the grid shifted accordingly as if the cloaking device was not there.  There was no discontinuity in the grid lines behind the cloaked object, compared to the background, and the grid sizes (magnification) matched.

The Rochester Cloak can be scaled up as large as the size of the lenses, allowing fairly large objects to be cloaked. And, unlike some other devices, it’s broadband so it works for the whole visible spectrum of light, rather than only for specific frequencies.

Their simple configuration improves on other cloaking devices, but it’s not perfect. “This cloak bends light and sends it through the center of the device, so the on-axis region cannot be blocked or cloaked,” said Choi. This means that the cloaked region is shaped like a doughnut. He added that they have slightly more complicated designs that solve the problem.  Also, the cloak has edge effects, but these can be reduced when sufficiently large lenses are used.

While their device is not quite like Harry Potter’s invisibility cloak, Howell had some thoughts about potential applications, including using cloaking to effectively let a surgeon “look through his hands to what he is actually operating on,” he said. The same principles could be applied to a truck to allow drivers to see through blind spots on their vehicles.

A new ‘cloak’ that targets waves

For the study, Hao and his colleagues coated a curved metal plate surface, about the size of a tennis ball, with their cloak. The cloak was made out of a gradient-index material with seven superthin layers that each had different electric properties.
The researchers found that these layers can hide whatever object they cloak from interacting with electromagnetic waves. Otherwise, the electromagnetic waves would bump into the object and scatter in different directions.
creating real-life invisibility cloak

creating real-life invisibility cloak

Here, the “surface wave cloak” has been applied to the object and there is no interaction between the electromagnetic wave and the object. The cloak hides the object that would ordinarily have caused the electromagnetic wave to be scattered.

Here, the "surface wave cloak" has been applied to the object and there is no interaction between the electromagnetic wave and the object. The cloak hides the object that would ordinarily have caused the electromagnetic wave to be scattered.

The cloak could reduce the scattering of waves used for radio and aerospace communications, said Luigi La Spada, a postdoctoral research assistant at the Queen Mary University of London and first author of the study.
We believe that our cloaking structure can improve existing technologies and enables future technological innovation,” he said. “At the moment, the main interest in surface waves is to develop solutions for reducing and mitigating important telecommunications issues.
In theory, the surface wave cloak also could be used on human bodies, Hao said.
In this case, wireless sensors are placed on the body,” he said. “There have been many attempts to make a real-life cloak but there still exist theoretical barriers.

SOME MORE EXAMPLE 

 

YOU WANT TO CREATE YOUR OWN CLOAK 

 

  1. Purchase 2 sets of 2 lenses with different focal lengths f1 and f2 (4 lenses total, 2 with f1 focal length, and 2 with f2 focal length)
  2. Separate the first 2 lenses by the sum of their focal lengths (So f1 lens is the first lens, f2 is the 2nd lens, and they are separated by t1= f1+ f2).
  3. Do the same in Step 2 for the other two lenses.
  4. Separate the two sets by t2=2 f2 (f1+ f2) / (f1 f2) apart, so that the two f2 lenses are t2 apart.
To build your own Rochester Cloak, follow these simple steps

To build your own Rochester Cloak, follow these simple steps

NOTES:

  • Achromatic lenses provide best image quality.
  • Fresnel lenses can be used to reduce the total length (2t1+t2)
  • Smaller total length should reduce edge effects and increase the range of angles.
  • For an easier, but less ideal, cloak, you can try the 3 lens cloak in the paper.

 

 

LAST UPDATE 19-04-2017